In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali refers to the Yamas and Niyamas constituting the first element that must be practiced in yoga. They are ten in all. The first is the external disciplines and the second, internal disciplines: the way we join from different aspects of our individual being with the universal consciousness. Mentioning the Niyamas, he says: “the five internal disciplines are: cleansing the body, contentment, intense discipline, insight and dedication to the ideal of yoga”.
How are you observances are still based on a purification of our mind, which takes us away from our universal nature and harboring beliefs that lead to pain and suffering, the next sutra says: “The thoughts are not upright can be neutralized cultivating those are. “Patanjali explains that it is very possible that humans act from thoughts that are not complete, that instead of expand they close in fear or attachments, and always lead us to the suffering and ignorance.
Observances, with discipline and action, make us free and happy.
- Cleanliness (Sauca):“With the purification, the body ceases to be imperious and contact with others. Purification also brings clarity, happiness, concentration, mastery of the senses and ability to self-consciousness. ” Cleanliness is one of the principles on which the techniques of yoga are based and which must also be seen in everyday life. On the one hand, it refers to the importance of the purification of our physical body through techniques such as fasting and various forms of kriyas (nasal or digestive cleansing), through pranayama that cleanses the lungs and through the practice of asanas which removes toxins. It also refers to the cleansing of the mind, arguably, it is the most important form of yoga because it involves meditation, but also related with positive thoughts and find inner calm getting away from over stimulation. Mental purity gives us a clear mind, fosters intuition, the feeling of joy and the development of consciousness.
- Contento (sports equipment). “Contentment brings unsurpassed said” Santosha leads us to feel full with the present moment and leads us to allow ourselves to be regardless of the wishes or possessions happy. Contentment is an attitude of acceptance of life as It introduces us to release attachments, which can be beliefs, thoughts or physical harmful attachments. Contentment invites us to be thankful, to see perfection and the sacredness of life as it is, physically and metaphysically, it obeys a cosmic order. It leads us to listen to the transcendental purposes in the world.
- Asceticism (Tapas):“While intense discipline vanishes impurities, the body and its senses become supremely refined.” Tapas means heat, and involves both a commitment and an austerity that support the search for freedom from our addictions, desires, rejections and other expressions derived from the ego and dependence of the phenomenal world. This principle essentially relates to the control of body, mind and actions, not in a radical way, but according to their true welfare for yoga lies in harmony, and strengthening the mind, helping to discriminate between truth and the ignorance.
- Study of texts and oneself (Svadhyaya):“Self – knowledge deepens communion with the personal deity of each.” This study refers to know and truly grasp the wisdom of yoga. It means deepening our being, while delves into the classic texts of yoga, not an intellectual approach, but an understanding that transcends the mind and leads us to see. The knowledge of ourselves allows us to take responsibility for our actions, thoughts, words and way of life that determine our experience and inner evolution. Implying also be better, happier, more ethical and being closer to the pure consciousness that is our true essence humans. Only then can we look for methods such as yoga, they allow us to achieve higher levels of consciousness. The classic texts of yoga gather wisdom we want to
- Living in all (Isvara-pranidhana):“With the orientation towards an ideal of pure consciousness, can achieve integration.” It could be other ways to synthesize what is yoga: the pursuit of pure consciousness. Isvara-pranidhana means aligned with the universal consciousness, so that all our actions, words, thoughts are directed to connect with existence in a broad sense. It is the fundamental reference of a yogic life. Through inner stillness, this Niyama indicates the existence of our divine being integrated with all that exists beyond our material and individual being. It is the ultimate goal of returning to our essence, which is happiness, fulfillment and pure universality.