If your desire is to have a planned pregnancy and all the monitoring to ensure the health of your unborn child, be aware that preparations for the arrival of the new family member involve more than prenatal care from the moment you discover the pregnancy: Ideally, before you get pregnant, you do some tests that indicate whether you are healthy enough to generate a life-after all the health of the foetus will depend directly from your. Want to find out what are these tests? We talked to experts from various fields of health and they explained the importance of them all, one by one:
Blood tests are crucial!
Do a complete blood count before getting pregnant is the first step to ensure that you are really healthy. “The CBC it is important to verify changes such as infections, anemia and poisoning in the body,” says gynaecologist and obstetrician Isaac Yadid, a specialist in human reproduction and Medical Director of Reproductive Medicine Primordia (RJ).
Checking blood glucose levels
According to the gynecologist Isaac, this examination must be requested the first query before pregnancy to be fulfilled and, if everything is within the standards, repeated between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy, which is the stage at which the body presents more difficult to assimilate the sugar. It is important because it indicates the level of glucose present in the blood and detects diabetes-problem that should be avoided at all costs since the gestational diabetes raises serious problems both to the mom about the baby. Read Aparentingblog.com for pregnancy test.
Do you know what are the ABO and Rh factor?
The ABO system is a test that identifies the mother’s blood type and Rh factor determines whether it is positive or negative. Think this isn’t important? Review their concepts: you and your husband should do the tests to know what will be the combination of blood between you and, thus, find out if it can cause problems to the unborn child. “If the mother is negative and the baby factor positive, for example, it may be that a fetal eritoblastose frame, which is when the blood of the mother and the baby come into contact at birth. The problem is that this creates a ‘ RH ‘ in the body of the woman, and if she wants to have another baby, the red blood cells of this unborn child will be destroyed. Doing this early in the pregnancy we can identify if the problem will exist and provide a medication shortly after birth which prevents the condition come true, “says Isaac.
Reaction to toxoplasmosis and rubella
Are requested in the first query before getting pregnant. These tests serve to indicate whether the future pregnant woman already had contact with the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, rubella, or a major cause of childhood blindness
Did you know that thyroid can interfere with your pregnancy?
The thyroid gland, located in the central region of the neck, is largely responsible for the secretion of hormones critical to the proper functioning of the organism. Therefore, if she is in some kind of trouble, pregnancy can have complications. That’s what explains the endocrinologist Ruth Clapauch, Vice President of the Department of Endocrinology, Andrology and female Brazilian society of Endocrinology and metabolism: “the thyroid exerts important role in the process of ovulation and the production of progesterone, important for maintaining pregnancy, so its malfunction may cause difficulty to conceive and increase the chances of miscarriage”.
Pregnant woman who already have problems such as hypo-or hyperthyroidism must be attentive, because during pregnancy the normal levels of thyroid hormones are different, accelerated. If they are not adequate, the fetus can develop an intellectual delay and the mother may even suffer a heart attack. If you already know that has any changes in thyroid, seek an endocrinologist before increasing the family.
Examination of feces and urine
It is recommended to perform the urinocultura to track possible urinary tract infections – especially the asymptomatic bacteriuria, picture of infection that does not have any symptom and that, when left untreated, can lead to premature births and underweight newborns.
Stool examinations, in turn, are important to identify the presence of bacteria and protozoa that can cause complications due to pregnancy, such as anemia.
Ultrasound and Pap smear
Ultrasound are fundamental to identify bad reproductive organ formations that may compromise fetal growth. Have a Pap smear should be done before the woman getting pregnant in order to identify diseases, such as cancer of the cervix.
And when you are already pregnant.
Thanks to medical advances, nowadays it is possible to discover possible genetic abnormalities and intellectuals of your baby with just 9 weeks of gestation: NIPT, whose acronym means, in a free translation, “prenatal non-invasive tests”. As the name implies, it is not an aggressive tracking: you only need to take a sample of the blood of the pregnant woman and, from it, compare pairs of chromosomes of the father’s wife and the fetus. This is possible because at the very beginning of gestation fetal cells already exist in the bloodstream of the mother. “Through this screening, we can search for the existence of Down syndrome, Patau syndrome and Edwards syndrome, for example, in addition to revealing the sex of the fetus. A negative result makes quiet parents by the rest of the pregnancy, “says Andre Hahn Magarinos Torres, a doctor responsible for the medical service of the laboratory Richet.