Running, long jump, high jump, shot put and fast walking.These are a few sports that fall under the heading of athletics. What is Athletics now exactly? Which sports are covered athletics and what exactly are the rules for the sport? There are lots of questions that you can think of when it comes to athletics.
The contents of this article
- History of track and field
- Athletics General
History of track and field
Along with the sport of swimming, track and field is the oldest sport in the world. Around 1500 BC were all sporting competitions held in Crete. From 776 f.Kr. were the Olympic Games organized by the Greeks.A sporting event which takes place every four years in honor of Zeus. Athletics really be heard on games and it is still very close together. Rules for Athletics was much easier than today.
Track and field games usually take place on a track, which is made specifically for this. In winter, the indoor track where track and field may be exercised. There are also competitions that take place on the street and in the open field. The start and finish line, however, is almost always on the course.For men, there are 24 and 23 track and field events for women.
There are many components in athletics where the contestants must run. There are several routes, each with its own technology.
100 and 200 meter sprint
100 metres is the shortest sprint race in athletics. The component is called by many the King of track athletics. Athletes running in the 100 and 200 meters in orbit. This road is indicated by a line. After the launch, the contestants are allowed to get out of the starting blocks. Start any too soon, this is a false start. If you then create a second false start, you are eliminated from the competition. It doesn’t matter who made the first false start.
400, 800, 1500, 5000 and 10000 metres
At longer distances in track speed is much lower than in the Sprint. On long journeys, it is really for the contestants to remain constant at the unsustainable top speed. To be able to run long distances, you should have a good stamina. The rules from the beginning at the same distance. What a difference with Sprint, is that athletes don’t have to keep running in its own orbit. This does not apply to the 400 metres, where the contestant must stay in his own lane.
A relay is a race for the four man team. You distance 4 x 100 and 4 x 400 metres. The contestants have to give each other a stick. Time of the stick striking. The shooters should stay in his own lane during the race, so as not to interfere with other teams. The stick may only be resolved when the two athletes in the relay zone. If it is before or after redemption the zone changes, the team is disqualified.
The marathon is a long distance of 42 kilometers and 195 meters. Competitor shoes contain a lot of cushioning. The runners have a brief step, so that they have better stamina. It is also important during Marathon drinking plenty of fluids.
Under hurdles race, athletes must pass twelve wooden hurdles. These barriers are placed at the same distance and is more than a meter high. Athletes in this sport four hundred meters walk in their own work and must jump over the obstacles they face. The hordes are made? such a way that they fall over when they stumble. This is allowed, as long as the hordes but do not follow the path of the opponent or adversary interferes in a different way.
The steeplechase was created in response to similar races for horses that already existed.Steeplechase, also known the steeplechase or hurdle rate is called, consists of a race of three thousand metres. Per round of four hundred metres, athletes have five times during a beam is spoken.The beams are more than a metre high. One of the rays has a water container of 3.7 metres long.Athletes do not need to run in its own orbit.
Race Walking comes from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and hear as long as track and field. The matches will take place on the track or the road. For men walked a distance of 20 to 50 km in women 20 km, The athlete must have one foot in contact with the ground. The jury will deploy two warnings if the athlete does not comply. On the third offense is the athlete away from the game.
Jump also frequently in athletics. We saw earlier the steeplechase and hurdle, but there are also sections that focus on jumping and less on racing.
When the high jump, is it supposed to jump over a lath which is attached between two poles. The bar is constantly being raised and the winner is the one who jumps up to without throwing the punch in the ball. The athlete must make do with only one leg. There are also specific rules for the thickness of the shoe. After three failed attempts is the jumper off.
In the pole vault is a bar jumped through a flexible stick. The intention is to jump as high as possible. The original height and raises per round will be determined by the organization. If a diver has made three unsuccessful attempts, he is disabled. The winner is the one who comes to the top.
The athlete makes a running jump from wood home Board. Then the super-athlete then sat in a sandbox.The attempt will be declared invalid if, after the Launcher has already jumped. This can be checked with a strip of plasticine, who leaves a job when there is a foot put on. The length of the jump is measured from the start bar and the first impression of the jumper in the sandbox, as seen from the start bar. If a jumper to lose balance and fall backwards, is the hope only from the moment it behind him to touch the sand. A match consists of three attempts. The athlete who jumped furthest WINS.
Hop, skip and a jump
The Bucket-Step-Jump is a mistake occurred. The ancient Greeks were counted in the long jump on three jumps. It was therefore thought that it was a triple jumper. In the hop, step and jump, the athlete takes a run-up. After the sale, the athlete must first and foremost on equal terms as he deposed countries. Since the athlete makes a move, he must land on his other foot. And finally, does the athlete a jump and get t in the sandbox. In addition, the same rules apply as in the long jump.
Throwing things that many people like it; They throw or throw punches is part of athletics. Sports often look a lot easier than they are. Many fitness goals are very important.
The intent is to kogelstotel the ball as far as possible operate. The athlete to do this from the ring at the front is protected by a white buffer. If a bullet shot putter will punch, he may not touch the ground and the beam around the ring. After the collision, the athlete leave the ring on his back. The ball must land within the lines sector. If any of these items goes wrong, roll, invalid. The ball must not be thrown away, but must be cut from the neck. The number of images per contest and is determined by the organization.
To discus a lenticular disc will be thrown as far as possible. The discus thrown from a concrete ring.The prelude consists of the rotation of the pitcher himself, who must remain in the ring. For security mode, around the ring with a cage of wire mesh at one side an opening. Caste is not valid until the discus lands within the lines sector.
In the hammer throw a ball is attached to a steel cable with a handle that is thrown out as far as possible. The ball must come in a particular sector. The shooter must remain in afwerpring. Fails one of these points is throw invalid. The world’s largest distances are achieved through ball to rotate several times above their head.
Javelin with a spear thrown from a path that is four metres wide and up to 36.5 metres long. The athlete should under no circumstances on the border line of the starting field. Spears must first with the tip touches the ground and this should be within the lines sector. The spear need not sticking with the Spike into the ground. During a match, the athlete must do three throws. The best athletes can still throw three times. The best of these is the winner.
Combine training also takes place in track and field. This is a tough challenge and only genuine allrounders.
The heptathlon and Decathlon
During the heptathlon and Decathlon, do the contestants in two days, seven or ten athletics. The contestants must be so real all-rounder. The rules for individual sports are in the heptathlon and Decathlon are applied. Points are awarded for each component. The athlete with the most points wins.
Women’s heptathlon. The day after the sport to do: 100 m hurdles, high jump, shot put and 200 meters.Day two they do: jump, Javelin and 800 meters. The men taking part in the Decathlon. The first day they shall carry the following sports facilities: 100 m, long jump, shot put, high jump and 400 meters. The second day they make the 100 m hurdles, discus, pole vault, Javelin and 1500 metres.
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